Kant 's Philosophy Of Philosophy

1220 WordsNov 6, 20165 Pages
During the 18th century, the world was just reeling from the philosophical teachings of David Hume, when Immanuel Kant—Father of Western philosophy—entered the picture. Kant’s “central question was whether metaphysics—as the science of being itself—objects as they exist fundamentally and independently of our perceptions and interpretations, is possible” (Richards 1). It is said that Kant was sent to rescue philosophy from the hands of Hume. After consulting Hume’s works, however, Kant came to the “conclusion that metaphysics was not possible, but that we humans do it anyways” (Richards 1) So if metaphysics doesn’t exist, how do we create it anyways? Did Kant save Metaphysics, or bring it to an end? For Kant, the crux of metaphysics comes down to the viability of two varying explanations of gaining knowledge—Rationalism v. Empiricism. Before Kant could really beat down and kill metaphysics, he had to consider and draw from the works of Hume and the rationalist approach to metaphysics. Rationalism is “a philosophy that holds (that) it is possible to gain knowledge of reality by reason alone; all human knowledge can be brought into a single deductive system” (Psychologydictionary.org). How can we gain knowledge from reason alone, about the universe? Well according to Hume, the contents of the mind consist of ideas—sense— and impressions—experience, “relations of ideas exemplified by mathematics” (Wake Forest University). Relations of ideas are the only statements
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