Kant 's Philosophy On The Metaphysics Of Morals, Categorical Imperative

1592 Words Aug 4th, 2014 7 Pages
Through the studying of Kant’s work on the metaphysics of morals, categorical imperative is defined as an absolute command that must be obeyed in all circumstances. He stated it is a universal moral obligation because it is justified as an end in itself. In another word, if something is morally good it has the ability to will everyone to act in the same way regardless of their background, understanding or circumstances. For example, rational beings do not kill innocent children. This is the kind of moral thinking that every rational being can universally agree.
Unlike categorical imperative which is a duty based action, hypothetical imperative is an action that one performs based on one’s desire. According to Kant hypothetical imperatives are based on two things, the rules of skill and counsel of prudence. Rules of skill are conditional and are specifically depended on the skills each individual possessed. Counsel of prudence is the universal goal of the individuals which is to attained happiness. For example, we work hard so that we can have a comfortable life. Based on our skills we may become a doctor, lawyer, architecture, and many more but the universal goal is to be successful, accomplish and happy. It is a mean to the end.
Kant proposed that to be morally good one must not only conforms to the moral law but must do things for the sake of the moral law. For example, a find out that his son has committed a moral and social crime of hit and run, he must…

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