Kantian Theory Vs. Deontological Theory

2183 Words Dec 5th, 2014 9 Pages
In the past few months I have been introduced to several different ethical theories, but three of those theories stood out in my mind, Deontological theory, Consequentialist ethics Rule Utilitarianism and Virtue Ethics theory. Deontological theory a non-consequentialist theory that does not accept consequences as the basis of right and wrong, but focus instead on our duties and intentions of one’s action. On the other hand, Rule Utilitarianism, a consequentialist theory that defines a morally right rule or practice as one that promotes overall good. Virtue ethics believes that one has to have specific character traits like loyalty, compassion and generosity that have moral values in a person without any underline principles or actions guiding them.
Deontological theory was founded by a German name Immanuel Kant in the 18 century. He was a modern philosopher who emphasizes on duties, that one’s action should be motivated by their responsibilities and sense of duty to morality. Kant theory focuses on a set of fundamental moral duties and respect for the moral law. Kant believes that it is our responsibility to speak the truth, keep promises and pay back debts because it is a moral duty and if you violate such duties you are committing a morally wrong act. He also believes in reparation that one should try to undo or repair any damage that one may have cause. He focuses on gratitude, that one should always show appreciation to others for their kindness, justice to be fair,…
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