Karen Horney

1746 Words Apr 10th, 2008 7 Pages
Karen Horney is one of the preeminent figures and founders of modern psychoanalysis. Although her ideas are not widely taught today or accepted as a basis of psychoanalysis in and of themselves, her ideas of social and environmental influences are “integrated into modern psychoanalysis therapies and personality development theory” (Quinn). She was a contemporary of Sigmund Freud and was one of his early followers. Yet Horney joined the class of neo-Freudians after her research and writing led her to develop and establish psychoanalytical theories that ran counter to Freud's ideas. She objected to the Freudian psychology of women, which instigated the search for her own theories for the causes of neurosis. This in turn led to her …show more content…
They often show aggressive tendencies in order to maintain this need for power. Children who tend to "move away from people" in order to resolve the anxiety/ hostility dilemma become emotionally detached in relationships and can become very independent. The basic need for affection also affects personality development and is often manifested in a fear of success. Those who seek love are faced with a fear of lose of love if they seek success through the competition with the others from whom they seek affection. Horney used the needs of the neurotic to develop three coping strategies used by the individual based on the "moving . . . people" theories: compliance, aggression, withdrawal. The child who moves towards people is very compliant. The child who moves against people is aggressive, and the child who moves away from people becomes withdrawn.
Further motivating the child's response are cultural influences, parenting patterns, and social values. Horney's theory of personality development places the emphasis for maturation on the interrelationship of all these factors over biological factors such as genetics, subconscious drives, and libido. At the heart of Horney's approach to personality development was her "basic evil": parental indifference (as perceived by the child). Whatever the precise or varied hindrances are to normal personality development, Horney attributes all the unfavorable conditions to the people in the child's
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