Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim And Max Weber's Influence On Religion

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Three theorists, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, are undoubtedly the fathers of modern sociology. “Nineteenth century Western Europe was pounded by pivotal forces of transformation. Politics, education, religion, communication science, art, and social life were being revolutionized.” (Mohseni 1994;85) Each with distinct views on society and religion, these sociologists are and their theories are significant especially in the field of society. Just as much as they play a major role in the understanding of the modern society, the ideas presented by Marx, Weber, and Durkheim in their theories have a significant influence on the sociology of religion as well. When comparing these three sociologist, we understand that despite not being…show more content…
He viewed society as a complex system Interdependence parts and Interrelationship of parts. “Durkheim 's work is that it grounds sociological analysis in a form of social realism that takes seriously the human basis of religion, society and culture” (Mellor 2004: 365) Weber, a German sociologist born on April 21, 1864 in Prussia and passed away on June 12, 1920, on the other hand, viewed sociology as a system of understanding various ways individuals make sense of their experiences as well as how societies are built up from different social interactions. (Ritzer 1998). His concern on religion was never based on either economic, political or the daily life of humans but rather on their cultural needs. Directing his attention to capitalism, Karl Marx, a German sociologist born on May 5, 1818 in Prussia and passed away on March 14, 1883 at the age of 64, understood inequality based on capitalism in the society, the division between the bourgeoisie(rich) and the proletariat(working class), the urban and rural workers. Most on his theories were therefore focused on the interaction between a capitalist economy and human lives. His theory of materialism provides a foundation essential in analyzing human religion and how it develops. Religion can be defined as a set of beliefs and ideas about a divine power, and how the concept impacts human behavior and way of thinking.
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