Karl Marx 's Theories Of History And The Theory Of Human Nature Essay

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Karl Marx was a nineteenth century philosopher, born in Trier, Prussia (Germany) in 1818 to a middle class family and later died in 1883. Karl Marx’s philosophies on society, politics and economics is collectively understood as Marxism. He was a materialist and an atheist who had a profound impact on the world of intellectual thought. This paper will aim to discuss and determine with reference to Marx’s deterministic theory of history and the theory of human nature, if human beings are essentially the product of socioeconomic forces. In addition to one criticism of his theory of human nature.
Firstly, this paper will explain Karl Marx’s deterministic theory of history and the theory of human nature. According to Karl Marx’s deterministic theory of history, human society is determined by the material conditions. Marx was heavily influenced by the writings of the idealist philosopher Hegel, but in contrast, Marx was generally a materialist; in that everything could be explained in relation to matter and all phenomena is a result of material interactions. Marx used Hegel’s contradiction in dialectic to define the class struggle; “oppositions that are necessary for and yet destructive of each other” (Shimp, 2009, p. 37). At the core of Marx’s theory of history is that materialism and the belief that communism was inevitable. According to Marx social change occurred - not through ideas or an omnipotent God, but through the economic condition of life; they both believed that the
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