Karl Marx 's Theory Of Alienation

1686 Words Aug 21st, 2014 7 Pages
Sociologist Karl Marx concentrated deeply on economic problems and related these matters to social issues. For example, when Marx examined capitalism in the labour sector he came to the conclusion that it drove workers to feel alienated from the product, themselves and those surrounding them. This essay will firstly give a brief overview of industrial capitalism and discuss Karl Marx’s early life and how he came up with the theory of alienation through his influences and life experiences. Secondly, it shall comment on the four dimensions of alienation that Marx identified in his economic and philosophical manuscripts within the capitalist mode of production. This will include the alienation of the worker from the product, the act of producing, other people and the individual’s human essence. Thirdly, it will examine the contemporary relevance of Karl Marx’ theory of alienation by considering why it would be relevant in recent times. Furthermore the essay will consider how modern forms of production breakdown the labour process and use George Ritzer’s theory, ‘The McDonaldisation of Society’ to relate it to alienation. Moreover this essay will relate Marx’s theory of alienation to contemporary commissioned work in New Zealand.

In order to understand how Karl Marx came up with his theory of alienation this essay will look at Marx’s early life and what was happening in the world during this time, including the spread of industrial capitalism. Industrial capitalism is an…
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