Kathleen Kenyon Essay

2741 Words Jun 19th, 2012 11 Pages
Liberty University

Kathleen Kenyon

A research paper submitted to professor franklin castello
In Partial Fulfillment of the requirements For
BIBL – 471

Liberty University Online

By
Esther Lucas-Robinson

october 10, 2010

Esther Lucas-Robinson
BIBL – 471 – Biblical Archaeology
‘Kathleen Kenyon’

Introduction
Some of the more remarkable archaeological discoveries in the 20th century were made by Dame Kathleen Kenyon. Kathleen Kenyon was born into the heart of the English scholarly community and with all the help that influence and connections could provide became one of the foremost excavators in Great Britain. Even though Miss Kenyon was purported to be a Christian, she did not argue for the biblical account
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This appointment was influenced by the obvious fact that her father was the Director of the British Museum and co-president of the Somerville College Archaeological Society. At this point in her matriculation, the principal of Somerville College became more vested in Kathleen’s future. Margaret Fry would steer Kathleen away from the traditional female calling of becoming a teacher and would influence Kathleen to pursue archaeology as a career.
Pursuing Archaeology
Kathleen’s first archaeological experience was in the Great Zimbabwe in Southern Rhodesia as a photographer where she was joined by Gertrude Caton-Thomson. This expedition had been made possible by her father’s facilitation and connections along with Margaret Fry’s persuasion. As she would prove useful on this excavation, being both industrious and reliable, her duties would expand beyond taking pictures to overseeing the workers assisting at the site. After she returned to England, at the completion of the Zimbabwe expedition, Kathleen joined Sir Mortimer Wheeler’s staff at his excavation at Roman Verulamiun (St. Albans), north of London. While there she would study Wheeler’s method of stratigraphic excavation. Wheeler’s findings were based on the concept developed by geologist William Smith where materials accumulate on a site through a sequence of layers that explain the historical timeline…