Key Strands

1714 Words May 18th, 2011 7 Pages
Outline the key strands of the sociology of work!

The term work is expressed as performing duties involving the use of psychological and physical energy, for the purpose of the manufacture of goods and services in order to achieve an individuals needs (Gedden’s 2008). There are six key areas of thought in the sociology of work these include “managerial psychologist”, Durkheim systems”, Interactionist”, Weber Interpretivist”, Marxian and “Post structuralise and Post Modern” (Watson 2008). Sociology is defined as the examination of the connections which grow between individuals as they are arranged by others in cultures and how these patterns are affected by the interactions of individuals around them (Giddens 2009).

The Managerial –
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He focused heavily on the area of science and over emphasised on the reality of independence and externally existing society. Durkheim outlined the divisions of labour by distinguishing between mechanical forms of solidarity and organic solidarity. He disagreed with “psychological reductionism” displaying that even an issue like suicide has to be understood in terms of the level of the individual’s interactions with others and taking their psychological state into account. Durkheim examined the significance of “Social currents & Social Facts” in society. An important term outlined by Durkheim is Anomie which is a form of social breakdown in which the standards that would normally occur in a particular situation does not operate. Elton Mayo (1880-1949) was greatly inspired by Durkheim’s work and created the concept of the Human Relations School. The Hawthorn Studies was started in Chicago by examining the effects of workshop lighting had on workers productivity. It concluded that the close interests shown in the workers had brought the group together as a team and increased commitment motivation and collaboration. In “Systems Thinking” these are societies which are viewed as if they were independent bodies controlling energy and resources with the environment to live. Systems thinking are valuable in its importance on arrangements and outlines in social life. It is therefore a beneficial style
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