Khmer Rouge Modern History Concepts

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Cambodia is a South East Asian country formerly known as Kampuchea, it shares borders with Vietnam, Laos and Thailand. In Cambodia during 1975-1979 a political regime known as the Khmer Rouge took control of the country. During this time it is estimated that around 2 million people perished, over a quarter of the population, from torture and execution or from starvation and untreated illness (Fawthrop & Jarvis, 2005). Although the regime ended with defeat by the Vietnamese over 30 years ago, the effects from this reign of terror continues to have an impact on Cambodia. The countries social coexistence, peace building process and the aftermath of the annihilation of so many of its people has affected the current population make up in…show more content…
The eldery who were once respected and looked up to were cast aside to make room for the soldiers who were fed and lived well, the soldiers were previously common peasants. Age as a status seemed to have again reversed as very young children became the focal point for the Democratic Kampuchea (Khmer Rouge), they were considered to be the only pure people in society and were taken to become soldiers. In 1978, Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia, capturing Phnom Penh in early 1979. A moderate Communist government was established, and Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge retreated back into the jungle (Yale University, 2014). Leaving a country to return to some kind of normality however the very high and selective mortality had a major impact on the structure of Cambodia. Fertility and marriage rates were low under Khmer Rouge but recovered post regime. Because of the shortage of eligible men the age and education differences between partners declined. There was also a lasting impact on the educational attainment of the population, those who were at school age during the time of the regime have lower educational attainment than those from preceding and subsequent birth cohorts (de Walque, 2006). There is now a distinct age difference amongst the Cambodian people, by 2005 around 50% are under the age of 22 and 75% were too young to have experienced the genocide attack on their nation. This impacts greatly on the societal classes in
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