Kidney Disease : Liver Disease

996 WordsMar 6, 20164 Pages
Kidney Disease Kidneys are located behind the peritoneum on the posterior abdominal wall, on the left and right side of your spine, just below your rib cage. They are bean-shaped structures and are about the size of a fist. Each kidney consists of millions of nephrons, working unit of the kidney. One group of nephrons are known as the renal corpuscle. It contains Bowman’s capsules that are surrounded by capillaries called glomerulus, which aids in the filtration process of the kidneys (VanMeter, Hubert, & Gould, 2014, 491). It is the kidney’s responsibility for the removal of waste products and excess fluid, it produces urine. With this important responsibility, sometimes patients are predisposed to other ailments that cause the kidneys to malfunction. This leads to a process called kidney disease. “Kidney disease is the inability of the kidney to maintain normal function, so that waste products and metabolites accumulate in the blood” ( Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary,2012). According to the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (2015), kidney disease occurs when the loss of nephron and reduction of renal mass reaches a certain point, the remaining nephrons creates a process of irreversible sclerosis (para. 7). Since kidney disease alters the filtration process of normal functioning kidneys, we can expect to see a reduction in the amount of filtration that occurs. As kidney disease progress, there will be a higher percentage of uremia within the body. Uremia is

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