Kinetics of the Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide Lab Essay

778 Words May 2nd, 2012 4 Pages
Kinetics of the Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide Lab

In this week’s lab experiment, the rate of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide forming oxygen gas will be observed and studied. Since the rate of a chemical reaction is dependent on two things; the concentrations of the reactants and the temperature at which the process is performed, the rate can be measured at which a reactant disappears or at which a product appears. When measuring the rate, the rate law will be applied. The objective of this lab is to demonstrate how the rate changes with varying initial concentrations of hydrogen peroxide by measuring the rate at which oxygen is evolved.
To perform this lab, an apparatus must be set up. To assemble
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The leveling bulb must be leveled with the amount of water in the buret at all times. Timing should begin after 2 ml of oxygen has been produced and must be recorded at 2 ml intervals until 14 ml of oxygen has accumulated. After recording the time, the first part of the experiment is now complete.
The next step in this lab is to rinse the Erlenmeyer flask with distilled water down the drain and then repeat the experiment, this time adding 10 ml of 0.10M KI and 10 ml of distilled water to the flask instead. The flask should again be swirling to allow the solution to succumb to the same temperature as the water bath and once it has reached the same temperature, 10 ml of 3% H2O2 must then be added and a stopper must be immediately placed on the flask and recording should then begin for experiment two. After recording the times, the Erlenmeyer flask must then be rinsed again with distilled water down the drain. After rinsing the flask, the last part of the lab can now be performed. Experiment three is performed the same way, but instead, 20 ml of 0.10 ml M KI and 5 ml of distilled water will be added and after the swirling of the flask, 5 ml of 3% H2O2 will be added. After the times have been recorded, data collection should now be complete.
Quantities used in all three experiments
Expt. 1 | Expt. 2 | Expt. 3 |
10 ml 0.10 M KI | 10 ml 0.10 M KI | 20 ml 0.10 M KI |
15 ml H2O | 10 ml H2O | 5 ml H2O |
5 ml…