Essay on King James 1 and the Church

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King James 1 and the Church King James IV, of Scotland, seized the English throne in 1603 after the death of Elizabeth I and became James I of England. He was the son of Mary Queen of Scots and had been King of Scotland since 1567. During his reign, James increased the power of the monarchy making his rule absolute. James I was involved with every area of government. Under his rule Scotland and England were united, the King James Version of the Bible was published, William Shakespeare and various other writers prospered, education thrived, and the American colonies were founded.[1] However, James faced many problems with unifying the government. One of the main problems was the religious conflict existing within the Church of …show more content…
It asked for shorter services with less music, for ceremonial changes and for elimination of pluralism. King James did not immediately discard this document. He felt it was a step forward in uniting the church. His moderation allowed Puritans to declare views without immediate dismissal, which made them think they were making progress [4]

In response to the Millenary Petition King James called a conference at Hampton Court in 1604. In his opening address he declared his feelings that the Anglican religion should remain the same, but corruption needed to be eliminated. He felt this to be a compromise pleasing to both sides. However, Anti-puritans did not see this as a compromise. They considered it a direct threat to the church and the state as a whole. On the first day of the conference there was debate by both sides and things remained calmed. But on the second day William Barlow, a bishop, claimed James was deliberately opposing the Puritans. An infuriated James declared,” I shall make them conform themselves, or I will harry them out of the land.” The conference then promptly ended, without accomplishing all needed improvements.[5]

Upon the conclusion of the conference a few things were changed: the names of the Sacraments, the book of revelation was not to be read at mass, the bishop’s jurisdiction was limited, and excommunication was abolished. Preachers were to be sent to

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