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King Louis XIV: Absolute Monarchy In France

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France ,before 1789, was governed by an absolute monarchy. In an absolute monarchy the king’s word was law and only person who could change the powers was the monarch himself (tames). King Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu altered France's feudal monarchy into an absolute monarchy. Absolutism within France was a political system correlated with kings such as Louis XIII and, especially Louis XIV. A succession of wars drove them to tax massively and borrow heavily. The nobles and priest did not pay taxes, and approximately the whole taxation fell on the peasants and the middle class. They [middle class] noted themselves as the most useful part of society, because they worked and established wealth. The new king, Louis XVI, was too dense to provide…show more content…
By 1786 the french government was impotent to pay the earnings of its officials and soldiers. (revise) Trouble was expected, the winter was severe and by spring there was an acute shortage of food (tames). Louis XIII established Absolute Monarchy in France during his reign. When his son and successor Louis XIV came to power, a period of trouble known as the Fronde occurred in France, taking advantage of Louis XIV's minority. however, many obstacles stood in the way of absolutism in France. The Dutch War (1672–78), during which Louis XIV demonstrated strategic and tactical capabilities, provided the occasion for a skillful propaganda.Louis XI (1423–1483; ruled 1461–83), set France on a course that eventually destroyed the power of the great feudal lords. The Revolutionary Wars began from increasing political pressure on King Louis XVI of France to prove his loyalty to the new direction France was taking. In the spring of 1792, France declared war on Prussia and Austria, which responded with a coordinated invasion of the country that was eventually turned back at the Battle of Valmy in September 1792. The victory rejuvenated the French nation and emboldened the National Convention to abolish the monarchy. Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch was, in theory, unlimited except by divine law
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