Richard “The Lionheart” I of England was born September 8, 1157 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England to the parents of Henry II, and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was given the nickname “Lionheart” because of his immense strength and
Shortly after, Richard fought alongside Philip II of France, working to re-establish the coast of Palestine. After Richard became king in 1189, he set out for the Crusade in 1190. He first seized the city of Cyprus from its Greek ruler, Isaac Komnenos, in 1191. Then, he seized the city of Acre from its Muslim defenders. Acre’s defenders surrendered to Richard after he and Philip had killed the majority of their opponent's army. Richard and Philip took their army further down the coast to fight Saladin. The Europeans first made it to Arsuf, where they ambushed Saladin, defeating the Muslim forces once again, on September 7th, 1191. Richard and Philip defeated Saladin for the second time as they made their way through Jaffa. Richard and Philip still needed to conquer Jerusalem to recover all of the Holy Land. “After deciding that a siege of Jerusalem during the winter weather would be unwise, Richard the Lionheart's Crusading forces move into the ruined city of Ascalon, demolished by Saladin the previous year in order to deny it to the Crusaders” (Cline). After stopping in Ascalon, Richard and Philip led their army on to Jerusalem until stopping twelve miles before reaching the city. Philip returned to France while Richard made peace with
In 1187 the muslim leader Saladin reconquered the city of Jerusalem. Then Frederick of europe, Barbarossa of Germany, Philip of France and Richard I mounted a campaign to rescue the city. This is when the third crusade was under way. The main reason the campaign was so successful was the capture of the port city of Acre. King richard got there on June 1191 to find a city under siege by a christian army. This is where Saladin came in his army was too weak to overwhelm the designers and too strong to be dislodged (remove from a position of power or authority) so Richard and the French King Philip slowly broke the city's walls to weaken the city's defences while simultaneously (at the same time)
Nevertheless, Richard’s reign was plagued with rumors and allegations of nepoticide. In a 1483 edition of the Danzig Chronicle, Caspar Weinrich alleged that “…Richard the king’s brother seized power and had his brother’s children killed…” (Pollard, 1991, pg. 122) In January 1484, Lord Chancellor of France Guillaume de Rochefort said that Edward IV’s sons “have been put to death with impunity, and the royal crown transferred to their murderer by favor of the people.” (Pollard, 1991, pg.
The crusade is set off with Frederick I Barbarossa. However, his march through Byzantine was rushed due to an alliance formed between Emperor Isaac II Angelus and Saladin. This alliance was signed against the crusaders. On the 18th of May, Frederick I Barbarossa was able to successfully seize Seljuk, a city of Iconium, located in Central Anatolia. On July 6th, King Henry II of England died and was replaced by his son Richard I, or Richard the Lionheart.
Reports from England had warned Richard that his brother John was scheming to steal his throne. These events made the crusade seem
Richard is also mentioned in John Scot's contemporary poem "The Bataille of AegyneCourt" and is listed among those receiving ransom for French prisoners between 1415 and 1417. He obviously prospered financially from the victory as well as being made a Knight of the Garter on April 13th
Phillip and Richard’s relationship was damaged by the crusade. On his return back to France, King Philip wanted to use Richard’s absence at the crusade, to take back his land in France which was under English rule but he had sworn an oath halting him from doing so. He tried to break the oath by going to the Church and providing false documents that King Richard had a secret meeting with Saladin without the Church's permission. The Church did not believe him and refused to release him from his oath. This led to King Philip attacking Richard’s territories once Richard returned from the crusade.
Peter’s army went through the Byzantine Empire leaving it in the ruins. However, they did not listen to Alexius’ advice for them to wait for the rest of the Crusaders. The army of Crusaders that was led by Pete crossed over Bosporus during the beginning of August. During , the first battle of the Crusaders and the Muslims, Turkish forces ceased the invading Europeans at Cibotus. Another group of Crusaders led by the notorious Count Emicho who carried out a mass slaughter if many Jews in Rhineland at 1096. That caused a huge argument a chaos between Jewish and Christian relationships. (Crusades)
Richard II had many traits that exposed his immaturity. These traits ended up leading to his downfall, and the end of his reign. Firstly, he was unable to learn from his mistakes. After killing his uncle, John of Gaunt, he went on to steal Bolingbroke's share of the inheritance to fund his personal wants. He did not realize that taking a man's wealth was like taking his status. He never grew out of his ten-year-old state of mind, because he had everything handed to him on a silver platter from an early age.
He was born in Bordeaux France on January 6, 1367. He was the son of Edward the Black Prince and the grandson of King Edward III. Richard succeeded to his grandfather's throne on June 22, 1377, at the young age of ten. Due to his young age the government continued to be run by nobles of the kingdom, in the same fashion it had been in the last years of his grandfather's reign. These nobles were dominated by his Uncle John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster.
Sir Richard of Lea seems like a good person. At a wrestling match, in Denby, he helped David of Doncaster because a man had beaten him up. The knight took him to a tent and cleaned him up and gave him a new jerkin. Richard of Lea is also an honest person, when he met Robin Hood and his merry men, he tried to pay his debt immediately. He also gave the band bows and quivers with arrows. If Richard of Lea were a person like the Bishop of Hereford, he would keep all the money to himself and act like a snobby, rich person. Instead, Sir Richard of Lea showed kindness, honesty, and
Born in Northamptonshire,england, on October 2,1452 was Richard iii(university of leicester). Richard became king when his two nephews mysteriously disappeared. This became the talk of the town because most believe it was richard who murdered these two princes. It was believed he did this to protect himself as king(bio). He was only king of england for a surprising two years, because he later had a gruesome death in the battle of bosworth(bio). Was king richard a negative impact as a king to england? King richard brought himself to be selfish, unpredictable and worried many in england.
This, of course, was not the first of John’s scheming, but Richard was always “liberal to the extent of folly” with his younger brother. The last straw for many regarding the reign of Richard was his capture by the Holy Roman Emperor upon his return from the crusade, in which his ransom was greater than what the English crown made in one year. Immediately, taxes were increased and collected to pay this ransom.
Richard II was written by William Shakespeare in 1595 and was performed as a play, which is a young king by the name of Richard II (Hacht, 2007). King Richard II, ruler of England, but has not done so well as King, which at the end, his crown will be taken away and given to his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke due to him abusing his power and not taking advice very well from his advisers, family, or his close friends. Henry’s father, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, who was is also King Richard II’s uncle, before dying, speaks about his nephew leadership and describes England in a way of a garden, that is not been well taken care of and is dying due to the poor leadership of King Richard II. John of Gaunt, a man that believes God alone is more powerful than any King is, shows his loyalty to his country right before his death.