Kluckhohn and Strodbeck’s Value Model

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Abstract: Culture is the holistic interrelationship of a group’s identity, beliefs, values, activities, rules, customs, communication patterns, and institutions. (Dodd, 1998) Values are important components of a given culture accepted by individuals sharing that culture. They are deep and hidden elements of the cultural iceberg that are seldom questioned or defended but can reflect different characteristics of different cultures. Kluckhohn and Strodbeck’s value model is used here to analyze distinct Chinese and American culture. Key words:culture; values; Kluckhohn and Strodbeck’s value model; Chinese and American culture 1. Introduction Culture is defined as the total way of life of a people, composed of their learned and shared…show more content…
In the Bible story of Adam and Eve, God throws them out of the Garden of Eden because they ate the fruit from the Tree of knowledge. But with modernism came a sense that progress improves the world and the people in it, and actually already with Puritanism came the "work ethic" which in a sense suggested that if a person works hard he can overcome his sinful nature as stated in "busy hands make for good morals" and "idle hands are the devil's opportunity". Democratic and educational ideals also work toward the improvement of mankind. (Kulich, personal email to the author, 2007) So Americans have changed to seeing humans as a mixture of good and evil despite that the traditional belief continues to flourish, for example among fundamentalist Christians who follow the Bible in their daily life. Influenced by the teachings of Confucius, The Chinese people believe that people are born pure and innocent. Humans’ nature is good and the corruption only begins when people grow and are affected by society. In order to prevent the corruption, parents, teachers and other related persons are obligated to set up good examples for their protégés and educate them. So from a Chinese point of view, ideally there are humans who are perfect

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