Kohlberg 's Stages Of Moral Development

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For this week’s assignment in our complete section, students were asked to identify two immediate family members that vastly differ in age. We were asked to compare and contrast the moral developments of each. For this exercise, I have chosen to compare and contrast my thirteen year old autistic son, Matthew and my late grandfather, Merritt Cole who was 84 years old. Before delving into the subject matter, I feel compelled to provide background information on the stages of moral development according to esteemed psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg.
According to Williams and Arrigo (2008), Kohlberg suggested that morality and moral reasoning proceed through a series of stages, more specifically, three levels with two stages in each. It is believed that people progress through these stages at various points in their life, with and without influences through everyday social interactions. Critics of Kohlberg’s stages of moral development felt as is Kohlberg’s stages were specifically developed for men and did not include women. One such critic was Carol Gilligan. Gilligan stated “that both men and women use two judgements from time to time which are ethic of care and ethic of justice (Cam,Cavdar, Cok &Seydoogullari, 2012, p.1223). Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development are (Williams &Arrigo, 2008, p. 123):
Level 1: Preconventional Morality Stage 1: Punishment and Obedience Stage 2: Instrumental Purpose and Exchange
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