Kohlberg 's Theory Of Moral Development

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Lawrence Kohlberg (1927-1987) further developed the works of Piaget (1896-1980) in regards to moral development. This essay will discuss the strengths and weaknesses of Kohlberg’s theory in a critical manner, looking at the positive aspects of his research and the disadvantages of the types of situations he gave in his experiments, the universal accuracy of his results and the controversial findings of sex differences in regards to morality. Kohlberg advanced Piaget’s theory of moral development and interviewed 10-13 year-old boys to find out how they would attempt to resolve moral issues. These issues varied between situations that involved obeying the law, authority figure or rule and ones that would conflict these rules in order to serve a human need. From the answers that were given Kohlberg devised three levels, each split up into two stages, that he believed were universally found and that every person went through to advance their levels of morality (Shaffer & Kipp, 2007).
One of the major advantages of using Kohlberg’s theory of moral development over Piaget’s is the universal nature of the findings. Colby & Kohlberg, (1987) found a strong positive correlation between age and maturity levels of moral reasoning in the United States, Mexico, the Bahamas, Taiwan, Turkey, Honduras, India, Nigeria and Kenya. This research support does indeed suggest that Kohlberg was right about the stages of moral reasoning being universal (Shaffer & Kipp, 2007). Although the universal
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