Kurt Lewin 's Theory Of Human Behavior

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Many health care organizations have used Kurt Lewin’s theory to understand human behaviour as it relates to change and patterns of resistance to change. Also referred to as Lewin’s Force Field Analysis, the model encompasses three distinct phases known as unfreezing, moving and freezing or refreezing (Bozak, 2003). The intention of the model is to identify factors that can impede change from occurring; forces that oppose change often called restraining or ‘static forces’ and forces that promote or drive change, referred to as ‘driving forces’. When health care organizations fully understand what behaviours drive or oppose change, then work to strengthen the positive driving forces, change can occur successfully (Bozak, 2003). In Lewin’s first ‘unfreezing’ stage, an understanding of the difficulties related to the identified problem are sought and “strategies are developed to strengthen the driving forces and weaken or reduce the restraining forces” (Bozak, 2003, p. 81). Unfreezing involves identifying key players that will be affected by the change and gathering them together to communicate ideas and create lists of all driving and static forces that will affect the project. The second ‘moving’ stage is where the actual change in practice takes place as a result of equalization of the opposing forces, thereby allowing the driving forces to support the change. In this stage, implementation of the project produces the change desired, so it is important to continue to keep

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