Kurt Wundt 's Theory Of Psychology

966 WordsApr 19, 20154 Pages
Psychology has evolved throughout the years, and continues to do so. Pioneers in the field created movements that were sometimes embraced, sometimes not. Ideas were challenged and each successive theory either opposed or built on what had come before. The science of psychology has come a long way from its humble roots in philosophy and physiology, becoming a vast and complex discipline with many subfields. Theories and schools of thought gave way to opposing views and new schools. Wilhelm Wundt was the father of experimental psychology. Wundt was responsible for psychology becoming a formal academic regimen, created the first psychology laboratory, and edited the first psychology journal. Wundtian psychology’s subject matter would be “sensation and perception, attention, feeling, reaction, and association” (Schultz, 2012, p.67). Wundt’s school would fade and give way to Germany’s Gestalt psychology, Austria’s psychoanalysis, and America’s behaviorism and functionalism (Schultz, 2012, p.77) E.B. Titchener, a disciple of Wundt’s, changed the premise of the discipline when he brought it to America (Schultz, 2012, p.88). In 1896 Titchener published Outline of Psychology, which established Structuralism ("The History of Psychology"). Structuralism would become popular and endure for twenty years, ending with Titchener death (Schultz, 2012, p.88).Structuralism dealt with the “study of the structure of conscious experience. The goal was to find the 'atoms ' of conscious

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