Kyoto Protocol and The Obligations of the Parties

567 WordsJan 29, 20182 Pages
The Obligations of the Parties The UNFCC and Kyoto Protocol establish different types of obligations for different groups of Members. Such commitments revolve around mitigation, research, observation, education, training, public awareness and reporting. Adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change brings about the introduction of preparation and planning commitments as well as financing and technological assistance. The Convention divides countries into three main groups according to the different expectations from each country which lead to differing commitments. Annex I parties are those industrialised countries that were members of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development in 1992 and countries with economies in transition such as the Baltic States. Annex II parties consist of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development members of Annex I without the countries with Economies in Transition. These parties have to ‘take all practicable steps’ to promote the development and transfer of environmentally friendly technologies to EIT parties and developing countries. Non-Annex I parties are mostly developing countries. These parties are recognised by the Convention as being vulnerable towards the adverse impacts of climate change – these include countries with low-lying coastal areas as well as those prone to drought. The least developed countries classified so by the United Nations are given special consideration under the Convention.
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