LD310 Unit 26

3577 Words Jul 22nd, 2015 15 Pages
NVQ3 unit 26 (LD310)
Understand how to support individuals with autistic spectrum conditions

1.1 It is important to recognise that individuals who are on the autism spectrum are seen as individuals. Clients with autism can easily be grouped into an autism grouping when providing support for them. For example, two clients who reside in the same property or within the same company could find themselves being provided support for their autism rather than their individualities, strengths and interests. This can lead to a blatant disregard for person centred working, because although they have the same condition it doesn’t necessarily meant they learn in the same way or they like the same things such as watching television or have the same
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1.5 There are other conditions associated with autism. These conditions can occur independently from autism but, often they occur alongside autism. Other conditions associated with autism are:
Learning difficulties – this is a separate condition; however, it commonly accompanies autism.
Epilepsy/seizure – caused by an abnormal electrical condition in the brain producing: absences, convulsions, unusual movements, temporary loss of consciousness.
ADHD – Poor attention span together with over activity.
ADD – Poor attention span without over activity.
Dyslexia – Specific difficulty with reading, writing and spelling.
Tourette syndrome – A neurological condition that causes involuntary sudden movements and vocals.
Dyspraxia – Specific difficulties with co-ordinating movements.

1.6 Language and intellectual abilities vary between individuals across the spectrum. Because the spectrum is so vast, abilities within individuals are also vast. Some individuals appear cognitively deficient in some areas but maybe superior in others, such as savants. Some individuals with autism have an average or excellent intellectual ability but cannot adapt their intelligence for general use. Some individuals have verbal abilities and can communicate their needs. Others use vocal screams, or echolalia. Individuals with an

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