DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN ADVANCED CHEMISTRY
At the end of the lesson, students are expected to:
Write the IUPAC name of certain alcohol compounds;
Topic: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acid
General, Organic and Biochemistry by Denniston, Topping and Caret. Page 283-289.
Fundamentals of General, Organic and Biochemistry by John R. Holum. Page 418-425.
Ball and stick model of compounds
Pictures of certain compounds
Last meeting, we have discussed about the structure and physical properties…show more content… Alkenes- it is an unsaturated hydrocarbon. It contains a double bonding on its carbon atom.
Alkynes- it is also an unsaturated hydrocarbon. But this family contains a triple bonding on its carbon atom.
(students will watch the video clips and thinks for the possible answers)
(students will listen attentively)
(students will perform the activity with their respective groups)
An alcohol is an organic compound that contains a hydroxyl group (-OH) that is attached to an alkyl group.
The R-O-H bond angle is 1040 and it’s molecular geometry is bent, or similar to the structure of water.
The hydroxyl groups of alcohols are very polar.
These compounds form a hydrogen bonding on the part of the hydroxyl group.
Alcohols have a higher boiling points compare to those hydrocarbons of similar molecular weight.
Alcohols with one to four carbon atoms are soluble in water but those with five and six carbon molecules are moderately soluble in water. Alcohols with seven or more carbons are insoluble in water.
Because hydrogen and oxygen have different electronegativities.
Alcohols have a high boiling point because the hydrogen bonding on the hydroxyl group requires a large amount of heat to break the attraction of one alcohol molecules to another.
There are two sides present on the compound. The hydrophobic (side which contains the carbon chain) and the