We set up 3 fermentation set-ups, labeling them 1, 2, and 3. Then, filled a tub with hot water and inserted the end of the plastic tubing into one of the test tubes and submerged the collection tube and plastic tubing in the tub. After that, we mixed the fermentation solutions for the other tubes, (tube 1 got 4mL of water and 3mL of corn syrup, tube 2 got 3 mL of water, 1 mL of yeast and 3 mL corn syrup, tube 3 got 1 mL water, 3 mL yeast and 3 mL of corn syrup) . We then mixed each test tube and put the rubber stoppers in the fermentation tubes. Finally, we marked the water level on each collection tube with a wax pencil to use as the baseline. Then at 5 minute intervals we measured the distance from the baseline for 20 minutes.
Atoms are the basic units of matter and all life is based on them. Life on earth is based on the element carbon. It is a highly versatile atom able to form four covalent bonds with itself or other atoms such as hydrogen and water. Atoms combine to form molecules and those that are carbon based are referred to as organic molecules. Organic molecules occur in four different types in living cells; carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. They are also known as hydrocarbons due to the presence of both hydrogen and carbon. Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in the ratio 1:2:1. They are important sources of energy and are classified in three main groups; monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides.
2. Using a clean eye dropper, 2 drops of 1-butanol were placed in the first tube, 2 drops of 2-butanol were placed in the second tube, and 2 drops of T-butanol were placed in the third tube.
* By using the dropper and measuring cylinder, 10ml phenolphthalein was added to the test tube
Measure 500ml of tap water in the 500cm3 beaker, then measure 5g of sodium hydrogen carbonate using the 50cm3 beaker and weight scale and place in the beaker of water, using the glass rod to dissolve it into the mixture.
4.Measure 35mL of warm water and add them into each of the 4 test tubes at about roughly the same time. It is essential that the water is warm. Do not seal the test tube.
The first experiment was with the water. Putting about 19.9ml in a beaker with mass of 28.7620g. Together the mass of the water and the beaker is 47.8462g.the mass of the water is 19.0842g by using the equation of density equal mass over volume. Plugging the numbers in the equation with is 19.0842g divided by 19.9ml equals the density of water came out to be 0.959g/ml.
Submerge the graduated cylinder in the plastic tub so that it is completely filled with water. Hold the open end of the graduated cylinder and move it vertically upside-down where the open end of the graduated cylinder is still submerged in the plastic tub. Clamp the graduated cylinder the ring stand of the lab table to keep it in place. perforate a hole in the top of the rubber cork for the solution container. Cut a straw the length of about four inches. place the straw inside of the rubber cork hole. Set up your timer for two minutes.
The purpose of this experiment is to learn how to measure mass and volume and to determine the density of water, alcohol, and a solid. We will be using a laboratory scale or balance and the graduated cylinder to determine the density of water and of alcohol. First, place an empty graduated cylinder on a balance, determine its mass and record the value under the Density of Water: Data Table. Next, pour 25 mL of tap water into the graduated cylinder. Place the cylinder on the lab bench and read the volume of the water using the bottom of the meniscus and the volume makings on the cylinder. Then, replace the cylinder filled with water back on the balance to weigh and record the mass of both cylinder and water. Next, subtract the mass of the empty