Labeling Effects Of First Juvenile Arrest

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The fourth article that I reviewed, focused on labeling theory. In this article, Labeling Effects of First Juvenile Arrests authors Liberman, Kirk, and Kim focused on how the first arrest increases the likelihood of reoffending for juveniles. The idea of labels triggers “secondary sanctioning” processes. Labeling is a powerful mechanism that can lead to crime. Their study focuses on the effect of arresting juveniles. Two theoretical foundations were made. Those two were “Deterrence theory predicts that arrests will have the specific deterrent effect of reduced offending, while labeling perspectives predict that arrests will lead to increased offending and criminal sanctioning” (p.3). The main focus of study is on the labeling effects while
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