Labeling Offenders Within The Criminal Justice

1551 WordsMay 6, 20177 Pages
The theoretical paradigm that supports the use of labeling offenders within the criminal justice is cleverly, labeling theory. Mentioned lightly above, was the premise behind labeling theory. This theoretical paradigm is predominantly interesting in exploring labeling of offenders, due to the fact that it both targets the offenders, as well as the individuals who are placing labels or stigmatizing the offenders in the first place based off the perceived deviant action. Labeling theory is truly prevalent, and is still occurring every day within the criminal justice system for a number or reasons. First, there is a political aspect involved. Community members are focused on political messages that stem from the government through the…show more content…
Labeling theory supports that the shaming of an offender, if not done correctly and even then, there is still research being performed on reintegrative shaming, can have harmful and negative consequences. All offenders are different, and respond differently, therefore shame can be devastating to some, however it might not be as bad for others. Also, labeling theory shows that when an offender is labeled there is a lack of social bonds, or the socials bonds that were once established are now broken. As mentioned above, once a label is attached, labeling theory does in fact suggest that offenders may drift towards a network of people who fit their criminogenic characteristics better than others who used to be a part of their lives (Hayes, 2000). Another theoretical distinction that labeling theory brings to light is that this theory does in fact target both the criminal and society in relation to contributing to the cycle. The societal reactions that are presented when an offender is involved in a deviant or criminal behavior is a form of social control. Therefore, labeling theory incorporates these actors into the theory so that criminal justice professionals, students, researchers, etc. can gain a better understanding for why labeling does not reduce recidivism or crime rates. The community that an offender often is released to, knows about his or her offense, depending on the severity of the
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