Labour Reform And Industrial Conflict

2296 Words Apr 4th, 2016 10 Pages
1.2 BACKGROUND TO LABOUR REFORM AND INDUSTRIAL CONFLICT IN NIGERIA
In this section, our objective is to present in brief, a review of the historical development of labour reform and perhaps industrial conflict in the country. As it were, industrial conflicts in Nigeria can be localized within the pre and post-colonial industrial configurations. Prior to colonialism there existed a form of artisanship, a semblance of modern time’s trade unions. Artisans’ organizations known as the guild systems survived before the advent of colonialism, which opened up doors to official recognition of trade unions. Adebisi (2013) in an article titled “History and Development of Industrial Relations in Nigeria: Hybridity of Western Models Versus Military Interventionism Culture” published in the Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, stated that:
The history of industrial relations in Nigeria can be traced back to the colonial or even the pre-colonial era when formal and semi-formal relationships were established with the British in particular and the Europeans in general. Such relationships led to the introduction of wage employment in a formal industrial setting.
The first formal Trade Union, the Southern Nigeria Civil Service Union (SNCSU), was formed in 1912, at a meeting attended by 33 pioneer members including weavers, hunters, potters and blacksmiths (Tokunbo, 1985). The underpinning factors that highlight the emergence of trade unionism in Nigeria were the colonial military…
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