One of the most important values in The Odyssey is loyalty as it appears multiple times throughout the epic poem. One of those multiple times where it happened Calypso wants Odysseus to stay with her after he has been trying to get back to his wife and she even offers him immortality. “My lady goddess, here is no cause for anger. My quiet Penelope - how well I know - would seem a shade before your majesty.” (p# 893) That quote is important
Lady Macbeth, in William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth, is among his most celebrated characters. In the beginning of The Tragedy of Macbeth, she is persistent and ambitious. However, throughout the play she declines and becomes hysterical. Her status among critics varies; but, all agree that Lady Macbeth’s role is vital to this timeless drama. The intricate relationship of Lady Macbeth and her husband is continuously studied and critiqued. There are numerous opinions on their partnership, some of which say that Lady Macbeth is the villain and others state that she is the heroine. Lady Macbeth is popular because of her ambition, power, and influence; her deterioration from before to after King Duncan’s murder is what causes her to be infamous today; the various controversial interpretations of her character and her relationship with Macbeth emphasize her complexity and importance.
The islands of Circe and Calypso in Homer’s Odyssey are places where Odysseus’ most challenging problems occur. In contrast to battles with men, Cyclops, or animals, sexual battles with women are sometimes much more difficult to win. These two female characters are especially enticing to Odysseus because they are goddesses. Though it is evident that Odysseus longs to return to Penelope in Ithaka, it sometimes appears that he has lost vision of what life was like with a wife, a son, and with thousands of people who regard him as King. Although his experiences on the islands of these goddesses were similar in that he was retained from Ithaka for the longest periods of his adventure, these goddesses and the
The nymph, Calypso, is a prime example of the use of sexuality by women in this story. Calypso has Odysseus held captive on her island, and attempts to make him stay there and become immortal, to be her mate. Calypso is looked upon negatively by the gods for having slept with a mortal man, but Calypso wishes for Odysseus to be made immortal by the gods and to stay with her on the island, as was done for Dawn. Calypso is a nymph, described as lustrous and queenly. Since she has kept him captive, Odysseus won’t believe her at first when she tells him he is being let go to journey home. She has kept him on her island, and in her bed, and kept him from the wife he loves. And even before he leaves the island, she makes him sleep with her one last time.
Penelope is also important because she (along with Telemachus) is the main reason for Odysseus to return home. Odysseus shows his great love and determination when goddess Calypso offers him immortality (Book 5) on the condition that he remains on Ogygia as her husband. At Odysseus's first opportunity he builds a raft and sails away, leaving the lonely Calypso behind. When he reaches Phaeacia, he is then offered the hand of King Alcinous daughter, Nausicaa, who must have been beautiful because Odysseus had mistaken her for the goddess Artemis on first site. Instead Odysseus wished to return to Penelope.
Odysseus is unheroic because he is not loyal. Odysseus has committed acts of adultery throughout his journey that is improper because he is married to his only faithful wife, Penelope and had a son with her, Telemachus. When Homer wrote, “As he thus spoke, the sun went down and darkness came; and going to the inner chamber of the hollow grotto, they stayed together for the happy night.” (Homer 62) This quote shows that Odysseus went with a goddess, Calypso, to be happy in her small picturesque cave. In other words, that meant they went and had intercourse since the author described the night’s mood as “happy” in her hollow grotto (what else do they do in her dwelling?). On page 127, it says, “Poor fools where are we
In the end both women serve the purpose of being secondary characters to Odysseus: without him they would not be important to the story. The epic poem is ultimately about Odysseus’s journey home, and both women represent different aspects of that journey. Homer brings more so into focus the idea that women have the competence to be more than just housewives, but this ability is dangerous and negative. Calypso, whose behavior continuously strays away from what is expected, symbolizes a form of darkness and evil while Penelope is seen as a virtuous character representing the model wife. The complex way that Homer describes female characters in ‘The Odyssey’ is not necessarily to show that women are capable of more than is expected of them, but rather to serve as a warning of the independent, authoritative woman all while praising the domestic
In Homer's composition, The Odyssey, the roles women play are very significant. The best examples of the true nature of women occur when Odysseus encounters Circe and Calypso. These two characters illustrate the thoughts and feelings of how women how a woman feels and how they think. As the quote states, Circe and Calypso illustrate how women really can be crafty, intelligent, sneaky, disloyal, and cruel. In contrast to battles with men, Cyclops, or animals, sexual battles with women are sometimes much more difficult to win.
Following his infidelity with Circe, Odysseus stayed with Calypso for seven years until Zeus commanded Calypso to set him free. Odysseus begs, “My quiet Penelope-how well I know- would seem a shade before your majesty” (Calypso, the Sweet Nymph. 114-115). Additionally, this was not true love because he was already in love with Penelope and did not actually feel romantic love for Calypso, and was forced to sleep with her. Therefore, Odysseus justified his infidelity and commitment to adultery by boasting his masculinity and explaining that he was forced to sleep with the other women in order to free himself and his followers. Odysseus exclaims, “Down to the ship Eurylochus came running to cry alarm, foul magic doomed his men!” (The Enchantress Circe. 577-578). Homer and Odysseus reasoned their infidelity by explaining that it was the only thing Odysseus could do to free his people. This evidence shows a reader that love is not from being forced to commit adultery and loving a person
The gods are constantly involved with mortal women and are not shamed for it, Zeus’ being especially guilty of this. However, Calypso argues that when an immortal women such as herself sleeps with a mortal man she is berated and the man is whisked away. She refers to the gods as “scandalized” in result of her involvement with Odysseus, yet they are unimpeded to sleep with any women they desire. Calypso wishes the power to be held to the same standard as the gods, but the etiquette of a goddess is to not freely become involved with mortals, as it is of a god. Calypso angrily must give up Odysseus, and in book six he finally makes his way onto another island after a near death experience awash in the sea. On this island lives Princess Nausicaa who also must undergo gender roles. The goddess Athena, disguised as a friend of the princess, convinces Nausicaa that she should take a trip to the river to wash and bathe her clothes as a plan to get her and Odysseus to meet up. Odysseus finds Nausicaa at the stream, and first she is scared because he is dirty and very fatigued. He then talks to her, and she offers him help. She asks that he accompany her back to the palace where he can get help of her parents, the king and queen. He is about to ride in the Nausicaa's wagon, but then she asks that Odysseus must follow behind, telling him about what would possibly happen if the were to ride
A major part of being a hero is trying to protect the ones you love from any harm, hurt, and danger. Odysseus, however, does not protect his family from harm because he leaves Ithaca for so long. In particular, Odysseus does not protect his wife from hurt when he cheats on her. Every minute of each day that Odysseus was gone, Penelope was mourning the absence of her husband, not knowing that he was deceiving her. Odysseus not only cheats on Penelope once, but twice. First, Odysseus is held sex captive by Calypso, a nymph goddess, on her island for many years. This means that at some point Odysseus had fallen for temptation. Odysseus then cheats on his wife yet again with another goddess named Circe. Although this affair does not last as long, Odysseus still sets
Calypso fell in love with Odysseus and wants to marry him. She was possessed by her ‘love’ for Odysseus. Although Odysseus did not
In Shakespeare play, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth’s character progresses in an interesting manner. Lady Macbeth is made to act as an incentive to Macbeth's immoral actions. Even though Macbeth is generally the person to have a final say before killing someone, Lady Macbeth plays the role of his “sidekick”. She mocks her husband if he worries over a sinful deed (which usually she instructs him to do), saying he would be less of a man if he does not follow through with their plan (I. vii. 56-57). She gives Macbeth a short lecture in deceptiveness when they are planning to kill King Duncan (I. vi. 73-78). She also prepared the daggers for Macbeth to kill Duncan in advance (II. ii. 15-16). Although her husband was still having doubts, she was always ready to go in for the kill. She did not think twice about it or feel any remorse. This shows that Lady Macbeth evolved into looking like a humble and quieter person on the exterior, but being an insane woman and criminal due to the events that have affected her.
Circe and Calypso, while very tricky and sly, are still very strong feminine characters. Circe takes Odysseus' crew and turns them into swine; when Odysseus is able to resist her spell, due to the Moly he had been given by Hermes, she is dismayed and takes him as her lover. She is mysterious and seductive and is strong even up against Odysseus. Calypso is a sea nymph who keeps Odysseus captive for nine years, hoping to make him her husband. She is a strong-willed temptress whose sultry ways are able to reel in even the most determined man.
She is a “bewitching nymph” and “lustrous goddess” (206). She forces Odysseus to stay with her as her lover for many years. Odysseus was able to escape from the Cyclops’ cave. However, neither his strength nor his cunning can free him from Calypso. He is doomed to remain there until the gods intervene. Women’s irresistible charm leads Odysseus to disaster.