Land and Soil Degradation Assessment

1951 Words Feb 19th, 2018 8 Pages
The underlying causes of degradation have been very often the basic socio-economic structure and institutional structures of developing economies. Among them are land shortage, inappropriate land tenure arrangements, poverty, and population growth. However, the diverse factors that contribute to the problem make it necessary that a comprehensive approach is taken by the authorities responsible for policy in different areas such as food security, forests, soil conservation, and water resources.
3.2 National contexts, South Africa
South Africa is located, as one might expect, on the southern tip of Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Indian Ocean on the south and east. Along its northern border, from west to east, lay Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe, and to the northeast are Mozambique and Swaziland. Wholly-enclosed by South Africa, and situated in its eastern central plain, is the independent kingdom of Lesotho. The country is divided into nine provinces namely Limpopo, Gauteng, North West, Free State, Kwazulu Natal, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, and also Western Cape. Although South Africa's climate varies…

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