Landfills and Garbage Incinerators Essay

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It is seven of the clock. Do I hear a truck? I need to get the garbage outside! A weekly regimen for all but no one usually thinks about what happens to our trash. Once it is in a plastic bag most people pretend that it does not exist. They tend to believe that waste disposal is an issue for the government and private contractors. While this is true, these people have to decide how to dispose of everyone’s’ garbage. And they have to ask, what impact will this refuse have on the environment and community after it is out of sight and mind?
There are three basic ways that trash is disposed of recycling, landfills and incineration. Each with their own perks and flaws. Recycling has been and will continue to be the worldwide favorite
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The resource recovery facility then burns the recyclable material. However, RDF plants are very expensive to operate and construct making the best option for waste to energy technology be mass burn incinerators. A mass burn incinerator is much closer related to the high polluting incinerators of the 1950s. This type of incinerator simply burns the garbage at high temperatures and uses the heat to drive a turbine that produces electricity. These modern incinerators must adhere to guidelines set by the Environmental Protection Agency therefore they have measures to limit their pollutant output. These include filters to catch ash and the toxic parts of the released gases. (Mckinney and Michael 531-32) The issue on most peoples’ minds today is: How will this affect me? In this case, will whatever method my government picks be detrimental to my health? There have been several studies regarding this topic for instance one study published in the Journal of Environmental Management says that “WTE (waste to energy i.e. incinerators) treatment is a better option than landfilling…due to the differences in non-cancer and cancer health risks…”(Moy et al. 77). In the previous study’s abstract they claim that landfills have “individual cancer and non-cancer risks that are five times greater than WTE” to the surrounding community (Moy et al.
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