Landmark Supreme Court Cases Project Essay

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Landmark Supreme Court Cases Project Part I Judicial Activism- When judges deny legislators or the executive the power to do something unconstitutional. Judicial Restraint- A legal term that describes a type of judicial interpretation that emphasizes the limited nature of the court's power. Judicial restraint asks judges to base their judicial decisions solely on the concept of stare decisis. Precedent- A legal decision or form of proceeding serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in future similar or analogous cases. Majority opinion- A judicial opinion agreed to by more than half of the members of a court. A majority opinion sets forth the decision of the court and an explanation of the rationale behind the court's decision.…show more content…
Years later, in 1954, Brown v. Board was brought to light. It challenged the school boards and their policies on segregation of public schools. When taken to court, the judge ruled in favor of the school boards. Thwarted, Brown appealed to the Supreme Court with the argument that the schools systems were unequal. The Supreme Court ruled that is did in fact violate the equal protection law and Brown won. Brown v. Board is a judicial activism case because the judges who made the decisions in both Plessy's and Brown's cases to bring their opinion into the matter and make a decision based of of it. The judges initially had a lower opinion of African Americans at the time of Plessy v. Ferguson and they felt that the conditions and the fairness of the Jim Crow laws was right and just. Whereas, later in Brown v. Board the Supreme Court saw now that Blacks were equal with Whites and deserved to have the same privileges and rights, as any person should. Brown v. Board had a major impact on the United States of America. It created a place that truly is free. Where all people are under the protection of the law. Where people of any color or religion or class can get along and have the same rights as any other person in this country. This case banished the mindset of “separate but equal” and established the new precedent of “together and equal and free.” That is why Brown v. Board is so
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