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Landmark Supreme Court Decisions Essay

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Landmark Supreme Court Decisions

About 32 years ago, in December of 1965, a group of adults and students from Des Moines, Iowa gathered to show their dislike towards American involvement in the Vietnam War. They decided to wear black armbands and fast on
December 16 and 31 to express there point. When the principals of the Des
Moines School System found out their plans, they decided to suspend anyone who took part in this type of protest. On December 16 - 17 three Tinker siblings and several of their friends were suspended for wearing the armbands. All of them did not return to school until after New Years Day. Acting through their parents, the Tinkers and some other students went to the
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Another landmark Supreme Court decision came in 1988 in the case of
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier. In 1983 the principal of Hazelwood East
High School removed two articles from the school newspaper. He objected to these articles because they described three students' experiences with pregnancy and divorce. He felt that topics such as these would be inappropriate for student readers. The school board voted in favor of the principal's action.
Cathy Kuhlmeier and several other students sued the school district in the U.S.
District Court of St. Louis. Despite claiming that their 1st and 14th Amendment rights had been violated, the Court found no violations. After taking the case to the United States Court of Appeals, their case was taken to United States
Supreme Court. The Supreme Court, however, also upheld the principal's actions finding no violation of their rights. They said that because the newspaper was run by school officials, that it could be controlled by them, "so long as their actions related to legitimate pedagogical concerns ".
This case also had some arguments to consider. The school district said that students' rights are not violated when educators use editorial control for educational reasons. Kuhlmeier believed that this was unconstitutional. The school district said that because the paper was
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