Language Acquisition

7926 Words32 Pages
CONTENT

Introduction …………………………………………......……..… 3

Main body

1. Language acquisition ………………………….….….......… 4

2. The stages of language acquisition ……………....…......….. 5

2.1. The prelinguistic stage ……….….........…...........… 7

2.2. Babbling ………………………........…...........…… 7

2.3. One-word utterances ……………..…....…...........… 9

2.4. Two-word utterances ……………..............…..….... 10

2.5. Telegraphic speech …………………........…...…… 13

2.6. Language learning during the pre-school period ….. 16

3. The critical period …………………………………….......… 17

4. The summary of behaviours to expect of children with normally developing speech and language …… 19

5. The language acquisition cannot be sped up ………….……. 20
…show more content…
He argued that the neonate arrives equipped with a LAD (Language Acquisition Device). This contains a set of rules common to all languages and allows children to learn any language which they are exposed to. Slobin (1985) suggested a similar innate device the LMC (Language-Making Capacity). The interactionist perspective suggests that a combination of biological and cognitive factors plus the linguistic environment are all necessary for the acquisition of language. (11, 17-28) There are many distinctions between the processes of learning and acquisition. For instance, the terms are generally used to separate first language acquisition from second language learning, and implied within this distinction is the gap between children of 0-5 years learning their mother tongue, and those beyond puberty who may begin at this stage to learn a second language, or more. The process is a conscious one in learning whereas it is subconscious in acquisition and in language acquisition the focus is on communication or reception of a message as opposed to syntax and grammar as is the case in language learning. Moreover, the context is usually crucial and meaningful in language acquisition, but need not be important to the same extent in language learning. Motivation, too, is a factor that may broaden the gulf between learning and acquisition, but need not be factor that may broaden the gulf between learning and acquisition, as for the latter the
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