Language Acquisition and its Background

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Background to Language Acquisition- Language acquisition is the manner in which humans acquire the knowledge and skill to both perceive and comprehend language, as well as learn to produce sounds that form words, words that form sentences, and then sentences that for complex ideas. The capacity to use language is actually quite complex, requiring advanced cognitive abilities that use tools like phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and vocabulary. This capacity for language is a key aspect of humanity, and becomes even more complex when we attempt to theorize additional language acquisition. Theories abound regarding theoretical processes parameters of learning, evaluative grammars, audio cues, etc. (Lightfoot, 2010). Second language acquisition is even more complex, and refers to the process in which humans learn a new, or alternative language. Most SLA research incorporates heritage language learning, and the manner in which a second, or third, language is acquired is a multi-disciplinary approach that is still debated. Chomsky, for instance, believes linguistic syntax is more universal and focuses on a generative grammar and deeper structure, which allows for the transference of information (similarities, etc.) so the second language "takes." This however, means that syntax, regardless of the innate language, can really only be theoretically understood through complex psychological or mathematical terms, not just analysis of the structure (Chomsky, 1953; Newmeyer,
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