Language Loss And Its Effects On Children 's Learning Essay

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Language loss has been an issue of major importance to heritage language communities. Language loss can occur on two levels. It may be on a personal or familial level, which is often the case with immigrant communities in the United States. Some children who are ELLs undergo the phenomenon of language loss, which is the loss of the first language spoken. As they learn English, they lose skills and fluency in L1, if their L1 is not reinforced and maintained. This is also called subtractive bilingualism, and it can be cognitively and linguistically very detrimental to children 's learning and to their family lives. Ideally, children should experience additive bilingualism, where they learn English while their first language and culture are maintained and reinforced, but that is not the case as we have seen in some studies, personal lives, and in our own classrooms and communities.
The effects were seen towards L2 students due to our society:
The pressure on languages can be money-based, social, cultural, religious, political, or any these combinations. The people who are directly affected are minorities, yet they are the bearers of most of the linguistic-based that has developed over the course of human history.
Due to the assimilative forces that push children of immigrants to learn English quickly, language shift and/or loss start happening as soon as they begin school. Second generation immigrants are more likely to lose their first language than to remain bilingual.
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