Language Skills And Vocabulary Should Be Developed Enough For Children With Ds

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mainly via key words when speaking to children with DS. (Kazemi et al.) Another result of the mental and cognitive delay in children with DS is that they are less likely to be socially competent and regulate their behavior. For example, they will not understand why certain behaviors are dangerous. As their language skills develop with time, it becomes easier to explain to them why certain behaviors are not appropriate. Additionally, as their speech and communication skills develop they can express themselves better and “can explain how they feel and what they want”. (Buckley et al)
6-12: At this point, language skills and vocabulary should be developed enough for children with DS to be able to speak properly, although they will speak in
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Weak muscle tone, slanted eyes, a flattened nose, excess flabs of skin at the back of the neck, and smaller than average eyes and mouth are just some of the physical symptoms. Other more serious issues may include congenital heart defects such as atrial or ventricular septal defects, eye problems such as cataracts and white spots on the iris (Brush field spots), chronic constipation, and an underactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). (Paul, 2014, p.1-2). Children with DS are also expected to show delay in gross and fine motor skills. Craniofacial abnormalities like a smaller cerebrum and brain maturation disorders contribute to the delay in gross motor skills such as standing and walking. The cerebellum is responsible for maintaining balance, balance functions maintain an important role in the development of good motor skills. Since children with DS have a cerebellum that is smaller in size and volume than regular children, it will affect their ability to stand and walk. (Malak, Kostiukow, Krawczyk-Wasielewska, Mojs, & Samborski 2015).
2-6: A recent study done by Malak et al. (2015), aimed to “examine the gross motor function and estimate what motor abilities are significantly delayed in children with DS even with physical therapy…and to assess their functional balance”. The subjects of the study were 79 children with DS ranging in age from 0-6. The children were then further divided into 3 groups based on age and motor impairment- mild, medium or severe. All the children

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