Language and Cognitive Psychology

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Over the centuries of human development, initial grunts and hand signs have been replaced by more complicated language structures as a basis of communication. Today, it is not only words and their assigned meanings that make the bulk of communication among people. There are also subtle nuances of meaning and implied meaning that are often misunderstood or misconstrued. Furthermore, elements such as lying and misunderstanding also influence how language is used and perceived among individuals. Because language forms the majority of communication among human beings, it is also true that it is closely connected to cognitive psychology and the way in which human beings ensure their health on various levels, including the mental level. In order to further consider this, concepts such as lexicon, the features of language, and the four levels of language can be usefully examined. According to Sowa (2005), the concept of lexicon forms the connection between language and knowledge. In other words, the specific words used to express knowledge are collectively known as the lexicon of that language. In this way, different languages have different lexicons. However, the connection among all languages is that there is a central lexicon with the same function throughout the languages to create mutual understanding and knowledge sharing among speakers of that language. As such, language in itself does not have a specifically assigned meaning (Academic Writing, 2012). The signs and
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