Latvia And Its Impact On The Economy

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One of the premier Baltic States, Latvia is a rather small country with a population of 2.5 million located in Northern Europe. For the latter half of the 20th Century it was under the control of the Soviet Union, however, it broke free after the collapse of the Soviet Union and declared independence on August 21st, 1991. Following its independence, it experiences rapid economic growth, and to further establish themselves in the global marketplace Latvia pegged its currency, the lat, to the value of the euro as it had recently joined the European Union in 2004. However, Latvia was not able to sustain this rapid economic growth, and it only was a matter of time before the expansion would transform into a crisis. This case displays how pegging currencies, influxes change in foreign money and investment, and the purpose of the IMF all affected the market economy. First off, it is necessary to identify what type of crisis Latvia was experiencing in 2008. Latvia experienced a currency crisis which occurs when a speculative attack on the exchange value of a currency results in a sharp depreciation in the value of the currency or forces authorities to expend large volumes of international currency reserves and sharply increase interest rates to defend the prevailing exchange rate. We can track this by tracing back when the tipping point of Latvia’s economic prosperity began to turn. It started when the largest private bank, Parex in Latvia requested government
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