Law Enforcement History: Historical Development of Police Agencies and Their Jurisdictions

1017 Words Jan 29th, 2018 4 Pages
For these reasons, man often times wrongs others in society. And for this reason, it is necessary to have a law enforcement agency, whether local, state-based, or federal. In the absence of the rule of law, society would not be able to function, and man must make a pact that, in order to live and be protected within society, he must obey these laws. Police agencies often times serve as the frontline of such protection, and it is important to understand the historical development of these agencies in order to be able to respect policy officers as they deserve to be respected. For this reason this paper will undertake such an examination and will analyze the historical development of police agencies and their jurisdictions from a local, state, and federal perspective. The development of police forces can be traced to 900 A.D. With respect to the U.S., the common law tradition was present in the earliest communities established by newly arrived Europeans. Thus, the origins of modern police agencies could be traced to early English and Dutch heritage. In the colonies, policing thus followed a previously established system in which a sheriff, appointed by a governor, would watch over a certain colony. This person's duties included everything from "apprehending criminals, serving subpoenae, appearing in court and collecting taxes" (Uchida, 2004). The sheriff was…