Laws of Manu vs. Code of Hammurabi Essay

1330 Words Jun 15th, 2013 6 Pages
Laws of Manu vs. Code of Hammurabi

The Laws of Manu and The Code of Hammurabi were both discovered documents of two different ancient civilizations. These documents basically told the people of the civilizations what is expected of them and what will happen if they don’t follow them. The Laws of Manu were the laws made for the people of India while the Code of Hammurabi were the laws made for the people of Babylon. Both the Laws of Manu and the Code of Hammurabi concentrated a majority on the aspects of marriage, family, and laws of the land. In my opinion, The Code of Hammurabi was harsher than The Laws of Manu. The Code of Hammurabi was for all the people no matter what class they were classified in, even though slaves and women
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It also put all Brahmanas on a high pedestal and a lot of the laws do not apply to them. In Chapter 10, number 103, “By teaching, by sacrificing for, and by accepting gifts from despicable (men) Brahmanas (in distress) commit not sin, for they (are as pure) as fire and water. The Laws of Manu has more religious purpose behind it than, the Code of Hammurabi. The Code of Hammurabi was made more to put order in the Babylonian civilization and it also is more straight forward. Even though it has religious reasons and was made by a very religious man, it was still mostly made to keep order in the civilization. The Code of Hammurabi even addresses how much things can be bought and sold for. Number 239, “If a man hire a salor, he shall pay him six gur of corn per year”, another example is number 243, “As rent of heard cattle he shall pay three gur of corn to the owner. The Code of Hammurabi also has more of a revenge seeking tone to it. Just in number one is the perfect example for people to get revenge. “If any one enshare another, putting a ban upon him, but he cannot prove it, then he that ensured him shall be put to death.” Another example of revenge is number 218, “If an physician make a large incision with the operating knife, and cut out the eye, his hands shall be cut off.” This document for the most part was mostly a way to punish people or bring justice to the people. It also talks about going

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