Layout Issues Associated With Healthcare Facilities : Logistics, Ergonomics, And Other Human Factors

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Layout Issues Associated with Healthcare Facilities: Logistics, Ergonomics, and Other Human Factors Lara Stubbs Pursuing M.S. in Mathematics ISE 530 November 25th, 2015 Abstract: With improving technology and an increase in the need for patient care, an importance must be placed on both the quality of care provided and the environment in which it is administered. Through key design choices, such as, layout of emergency departments, material choices, wall art etc. Efforts made to improve in both logistical and human factors can have a significant impact patient experiences and patient outcomes. This article will focus on these considerations in hospitals and hospital-like facilities. Introduction: In today’s healthcare environments,…show more content…
Emergency department wait times are notoriously long, this not only decreases patient satisfaction, but also decreases throughput and therefore decreases the income of the hospital (by decreasing number of patients serviced), which has obvious consequences for a hospital’s financials. Designs must optimize patient throughput without compromising the quality of patient care. Another pressing concern for every hospital is safety. Both patients and staff members must be protected from infections and environmental hazards that can cause injuries, such as falls. Hospital designs must incorporate factors that decrease the risk of spreading infections and the risk of injury to both patients and staff members. Efficiency: To increase patient throughput, designers must find ways to address non-urgent cases quickly and decrease overall length of patient visits. Clarke, mentions two ways to do this; the first being vertical treatment areas and the second being universal treatment rooms (Mader & Clarke, 2014). Vertical treatment rooms are small spaces that allow patients with non-urgent ailments to wait to receive treatment or begin preparing patients with slightly more serious (still not life-threatening) conditions for treatment in fully equipped rooms. These areas are smaller than typical emergency department rooms, allowing greater volume of patients to wait in a private area while
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