Le Corbusier ( The Contemporary City / Radiant City

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Le Corbusier (The Contemporary City/Radiant City): Not all urban planning theories see a natural environment as the ideal urban space. In fact, some planners believed that in order to create a social environment, a city must be built at a very high density, and buildings would be connected by concrete plazas. Le Corbusier was a famous Swiss architect and urban planner who believed that higher density meant shorter distances to work and shopping, and this would be done by constructing a vertical city (Wesley, 1982, p96). He developed a form of urban planning in 1922 called “The Contemporary City”, which was based on four principles: Relieve congestion of central areas; increase population of central districts; improve traffic flow; and increase planted areas. This also included having garden cities around the central business district, in order to have some greenspace. Unlike other urban planning theorists at the time, Le Corbusier was the first to design a city, that emphasized central planning before its construction (Wesley, 1982, p 98). In an ideal situation, a city could house 3 million people and 600 000 office jobs within a very small space, and everything would be connected by a grid system of roads and plaza. In summary, Le Corbusier’s approach to urban design was to develop vertical cities that were dependent on public infrastructure (subways under large roads); and buildings that utilized function over design, and placed extremely close together would create the

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