Le Corbusier's Interwar Housing Architecture

1970 Words8 Pages
The time between World Wars was a tense and significant point in the history of humanity, especially for the European continent. France had suffered immensely during the First World War, and the psyche of the nation was deeply shaken. The result was, for some, a desire for a return to the comparatively peaceful state felt prior to the War. The “Call to Order” as it became known embodied this effort. Many artistic movements were abandoned, temporarily or permanently. Such was the fate of the Futurist movement, which somewhat naively glorified all of the things that had made World War I so incredibly destructive to the continent, technology, and violence. A resurgence of classical styled art followed. Just as the populous sought…show more content…
In mature form, its spatial structure resembled that of synthetic cubism. Generalized as a cultural aesthetic, it called for the evolution and refinement of type objects to a perfect standard.” In Corbusier’s architecture he sought to refine the buildings to a perfect standard in with the aim of benefiting society on whole. Corbusier firmly believed in the power of architecture to effect the lives of people, in his collection of essays on modern architecture titled Vers une architecture (Toward[s] an Architecture) Corbusier claims architecture to be “A product of happy peoples and a thing which in itself produces happy peoples.” Through his publication of L’Espirit Nouveau, and through his works as an architect and artist Corbusier implemented the orderly, rational and logical aesthetics that he believed would lead towards a better world for his adopted nation of France, and the world, addressing issues of the time such as housing. Corbusier had grand designs for planned cities built upon his purist notions, his “Plan for a Contemporary City of Three Million” (IMAGE 1) featured separate districts for housing and business and industrial, his housing area would have been built around a combination of suburb like Garden Cities and “24 Skyscrapers accommodating between 10,000 and 50,000 workers each” . A Garden City is “based on
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