Leadership And Hofstede 's Five Dimensions

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Leadership and Hofstede’s Five Dimensions Psychologist, Dr. Geert Hofstede developed a framework to link culture and organizational behavior considered the most useful outline for a scholarly community. The basis of his framework is comprehensive research involving 160,000 participants’ of managers and employees from 53 countries throughout the world. The study categorized the five cultural dimensions as Power/ Distance, Individualism /Collectivism, Uncertainty Avoidance, Masculinity / Femininity, and Short-Term / Long-Term Orientation (Khan 2014). Evaluating and understanding that culture has influence on how trade is conducted in a particular country and around the world, is critical in helping to increase a leader’ knowledge and ability to communicate and direct resources, to make viable business decisions globally. In addition, knowledge of the five cultural dimensions can be an effective tool for business leaders dealing with the rapidly growing cultural diversity within their respective countries.
The Five Dimensional Leadership styles
Power/ distance or PD
PD is the degree to which a society accepts the fact that there is unequal power distribution in institutions and organizations. The concept of power distance based upon the measure of the social power and influence between a subordinate and superior. (Hofstede 's Cultural Dimensions n.d.).Consequently, less powerful members perceive that control within an organization is unevenly distributed. In addition,
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