Leadership Is Essential For Organisational Development

1609 WordsApr 15, 20157 Pages
Introduction: Leadership is vital for organisational development. A complex group of theories and constructs in addition to a spectrum of associated traits, skills and behaviour have been employed to describe leadership. This has generated an on-going debate amongst academics regarding the suitable definition for leadership including the appropriate approaches to participating in and learning about leadership (O’Connell: 2014). According to Katz and Kahn (1978) cited in Gronn (2008), leadership is described as the influence by any individual in an organisation over significant issues aimed at organisational effectiveness. Organisations are investing in leadership development as they perceive effective leadership as a competitive advantage…show more content…
However research by Stogdill (1948) as cited in (Iszatt-White& Saunders: 2014, p. 57) revealed that possessing certain traits alone would not make a person a leader, rather the situations play a vital part in an individual’s ability to exhibit leadership along with their innate characteristics. Other approaches of leadership include transactional and transformational leadership approaches. Transaction leadership depicts the cohesion between the leaders and the followers based on rewarding or exchanging something of value to motivate the followers in achieving the leader’s goals. Here the focus is more on task orientation and short-term objectives. In contrast, transformational leadership is laid on the foundation of raising awareness on moral values and ethical issues amongst followers by garnering their support in achieving institutional reformation. Such leadership could act as a catalyst by empowering the followers in accomplishing the organisational vision. (Iszatt-White & Saunders: 2014). However, Bolden (2005) asserts that although individual leaders go to influence and motivate followers, they could foster a feeling of dependency amongst them which might not be in the best interest of the organisation. The above mentioned approaches highlight the belief that leadership is the domain of a single individual who possess certain traits or has capability to display leadership qualities in certain situations. However distributed approach to leadership
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