Essay on Leadership Styles

1214 Words 5 Pages
“Traditional methods and styles of leadership must change to meet the changing environment “(Sims, 2002, p.242). Sims (2002) argues that organizations can ensure success by developing individuals in leadership positions as leaders and managers. There is a perception that leadership is a level above management. McConnell (2006) states that there are differences between leading and managing. In short, “people obey managers because they must or they expect to; people follow leaders because they want to” (McConnell, 2006, p.147).Therefore, leadership can be defined as “the act of influencing others to work toward a goal” (Bauer & Erdogen, 2009, p.285) and can be considered “more art than science” (McConnell, 2006, p.147). In health …show more content…
Ismail et al. (2010) refer to consultative leadership and participative leadership as humanistic- based leadership styles. Participative leadership is often described as “bottom-up or ‘we’ (all of us together) management” (McConnell, 2006, p.149). McConnell (2006) describes such leaders as people oriented, and the participative leadership style has subsets, such as the consultative and delegative modes. Regarding the consultative mode, Bauer and Erdogen (2009) and McConnell (2006) state that participative leaders involve employees in the decision- making process. Although participative leaders trust their employees in decision- making, Sims (2002) states that participative leaders retain the authority to take action whenever necessary. In the delegative mode, participative leaders share responsibilities and tasks with employees, clearly communicating with their employees. Participative leadership and consultative leadership are quite similar. Ismail et al.(2010) state that consultative leaders tend to always request employees’ opinions and ideas in establishing goals and task assignments. They believe that the participative and consultative styles would motivate employees and their commitment to their organization, which leads to higher job satisfaction. Madlock (2008) also believes that leadership styles such as participative leadership and consultative leadership that promote
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