Leadership Theories And Concepts Of Leadership

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The framework of this critical synthesis is to summarize and critically analyze existing literature with regards to the subject of effective leadership. The review of the literature indicates that there are a number of elements which impact effective leadership. In an organization, when these elements are implemented, they contribute negatively or positively to the delivery of the organizational goals and directives. Subsequently we must first start with analyzing all relative theories and concepts of leadership. Interest in leadership increased during the early part of the twentieth century. Early leadership theories concentrated on what qualities distinguished leaders from followers, while other theories examined variables such as skill levels and situational factors. Many different leadership theories have emerged, but most can be classified under the major types listed below. A. Great man theories speculate that the aptitude for leadership is inherent, great leaders are born not made. (Borgotta, Rouch and Bales, 1954; Galton, 1869) all suggested that a person who copied the personalities and behaviors of great men in the history of the world would become strong leaders. The term “great man” was used at the time because leadership was thought of predominantly as a male quality. It soon became apparent though that many effective leaders had widely differing personalities, thereby providing little value as an area of study.
B. Trait theories made a modest advance in
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