Leadership Theories Of A Leader And Leader Member Exchange Theories

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Over the years, many leadership theories were developed that centered on the qualities of an effective organizational leader. However, there is more to being an effective leader than simply the qualities. The connections between a leader and subordinates are simply as vital in being an effective leader. The two theories that focus on relationships between the leader and subordinates are the Path-Goal Leadership and Leader-Member Exchange theories. Robert House developed the Path-Goal Leadership Theory in 1971 and he revised it in 1996. House’s path-goal conceptualization of leadership used Vroom’s (1964) expectancy theory of motivation to identify the effects of leader behavior on subordinate outcome variables (Schriesheim and Neider,…show more content…
The theory highlights the significant ways leaders assist subordinates by motivating, encouraging, supporting, and guiding them to achieve their goals. According to Schriesheim and Neidler (1996), “the path-goal has concentrated on exploring relationships between leadership behaviors and outcome measures while studying the impact of different moderator variables” (p. 318). The path-goal leadership theory has some good qualities, but just as with any theory, it has critics as well. The research studies conducted on the path-goal leadership theory did not provide a consistent image of essential consumptions. Even though, the path-goal leadership theory incorporates many characteristics of leadership it is still difficult for leaders to implement. The theory targeted exclusively on the responsibilities of the leaders in addition to not providing adequate rationalization on the relationship between the subordinates motivation and leadership behaviors. Graeri and his colleagues Dansereau, Cashmen, and Graen in 1973; Dansereau, Graen, and Haga in 1975; Graen in 1976; Graen and Cashman in 1975 proposed the leader-member exchange theory (Gerstner and Day, 1997, p.827). According to Truckenbrodt (2000), “The leader-member exchange theory of leadership, which focuses on the two-way relationship between supervisors and
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