Leadership Theories Essay

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LEADERSHIP HISTORY

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Leadership History Tatiana M. Castaneda Vasquez Regent University

LEADERSHIP HISTORY Abstract

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When power no longer guarantees the success, leadership becomes essential. In search of understand the secret behind outstanding leadership, history has created and revealed leadership theories, starting with Great Man approach, the identification of Trait and Characteristics, and later shifting to Behavior Theory, fomenting Contingency and Influence Models, concluding with Emerging Leadership. When environmental and societal changes occurred, the approaches were modified as scholar attempt of interpreting society and the impact that leaders have in history.

LEADERSHIP HISTORY

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Historical Evolution
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LEADERSHIP HISTORY Contingency Theories (CT)

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CT interpret effective leadership as affected by situational variables, including the followers, work environment and tasks, and the external environment (Daft, 2005, p.111). CT includes Fiedler’s proposal of predominance and interaction between relationship or taskoriented leadership styles, as well as Hersey and Blanchard’s focus on the characteristics of followers as producing favorable or unfavorable results, followed by the path-goal theory, Vroom Jago model, and substitutes-for-leadership approaches. If the leader understands how to properly interrelate with situational variables, the possibilities for success would be maximized. Influence Theories Leaders are challenged to persuade followers effectively integrating power and influence. Followers should be motivated, shaped and guided through Charismatic Leadership, “influence based…on the qualities and personality of the leader.” (Daft, 2005, p.24). Bolman and Terrence (1991) identify four Leader worldviews that influence this approach: Structural, Human Resources, Political and Symbolic perspectives. The balanced perspective of leaders is directly related to Leadership vision to produce the best outcomes. (Daft, 2005). Relational Theories (RL) Motivation, empowerment, and strategic communication are crucial to the generation of success conditions. RL lead teams into
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