Leadership Theory : Transformational And Transactional Leadership Theories

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During the course of research, various theories appeared in literature on situational leadership. In some instances, situational leadership is part of a broader theory and vice versa. Related theories include transformational and transactional leadership, contingency theory, path-goal theory, and personality theories. Life Cycle Theory was not included since situational leadership originated from Life Cycle Theory. Transformational and Transactional Leadership Theories According to McCleskey (2014), transformational leadership theory is the most studied leadership theory. This theory is based on Maslow’s Law of Needs (McCleskey, 2014). The four factors of transformation leadership include idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration (McCleskey, 2014). According to McCleskey (2014), “Transformational leaders share a vision, inspire subordinates, mentor, coach, respect individuals, foster creativity, and act with integrity” (p. 124). These are similar to the four styles in situational leadership. For example, persuading and idealized influence are essentially the same. The words are synonyms with the same condensed definition (“influence,” 2013, “persuading,” 2013). According to McCleskey (2014), individualized consideration involves coaching and mentoring. This also applies to persuading or coaching. Furthermore, situational leadership is about applying the appropriate behaviors in the situation based on
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